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Manuscript Organization

The manuscript format should conform strictly to these instructions. All papers must be written in English. Write the paper in a past-tense style. Number all the pages in the upper right-hand corner, starting with the title page. Authors should number all the rows of the manuscript consecutively in the left-hand margin, beginning with the title page. The total length of the manuscript should not exceed 10 pages (18,000 characters with spaces) excluding tables and figures, however, as an exception, longer articles may be considered when the excess length is justified by the data and ideas presented.

Write out acronyms and genera in titles in full the first time they are used in the text, as well as when they are used as the first word in a sentence. All biotica (mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, plants, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names. Latin words, phrases and abbreviations, including generic and specific names, should be written in italics throughout the text. Equations should be written in a separate line and numbered consecutively with a number between slashes (/1/, /2/ etc.). The position of figures and tables should be marked in the text. Provide a standard error or standard deviation measure for all mean values reported. Use no more than two significant digits in reporting per centage values.

The author(s) should submit the manuscript as A4 size, with up to 30 lines per page of the entire text and tables. After the revision process and acceptance of the manuscript for printing, the author(s) should submit the corrected manuscript graphs using one of the commonly used PC software packages. The preferred program is Word for Windows for text and tables, and TIFF, JPG (minimum 300 dpi) for figures.

All headings (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References) must be written in bold and placed above the text (paragraph). The manuscript should be divided into the following sections:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Key words
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Title page

The first page shall contain the full title of the article, full names (first, middle initial if applicable, and surname) of all authors and the full titles of the institutions concerned. If the authors belong to several institutions, insert the corresponding numbers after the author's surname and before the name of the relevant institution. On the first page, provide a Running title which, together with the last names of up to two authors (or the first author, adding et al., if there are more than two), must not exceed 100 characters, including blanks between words. At the bottom of the first page insert the full postal address (including the academic degrees, phone and fax numbers, e-mail address) of the author responsible for correspondence with readers.


The Abstract should not exceed 20 lines (250 words) but should contain full information regarding the results of the study. It should explain the aim of the paper and include the most relevant results and conclusions. No abbreviations, equations, illustrations, figures, tables or references should appear in the Abstract. Authors need to be careful that abstracts reflect the content of the article accurately.

Key words

Use up to six Key words to identify the object, problem and method of study. Key words should list the main topic of the paper for indexing purposes, so they should not be too general. Use of abbreviations as key words should be avoided, except for well-known and standard abbreviations (such as HPLC, PCR etc.). Key words that do not appear anywhere in the text should not be used.


The Introduction should be brief and should include recent references concerning the topic, and a meaningful statement of purpose (objective). The introductory part should clearly describe the aim of the research. Sufficient references to relevant previous publications along with a brief discussion and conclusions of past research should be given. A short section explaining the relevance of the research presented in that context should be included.

Materials and methods

Provide sufficient details of documentation on Materials and methods. The experimental part should be written clearly and with sufficient detail about the protocol used to allow the work to be repeated. Detailed descriptions are only required for new techniques and procedures, while known methods must be cited in the references. For chemicals and apparatus used, full data should be given, including the name of the product, the company/manufacturer (do not cite a supplier, only manufacturers), the city and country (state and country) of origin, while computer software, search tools and databases should be cited in the reference list. For a field study, a description of the study site, including the significant physical and biological features, and the precise location, should be included. The sampling design should be described (controls, number of samples, treatments, measured variables, replication, final form of data etc.). Statistical procedures and software used to analyse the results, including the probability level at which the significance was determined, should be described. Do not mention tables and figures that present the results in this section.


Results should include a concise, logical presentation of raw data. It is editorial policy to use the International System of Units SI symbols for all units. Generally, this section is free from references to other reports. The text-based presentation of the Results should be focused on the key findings, which includes references to each of the tables and figures. The position of all tables and figures should be indicated in the text.


In the Discussion, the results should be discussed, evaluated or interpreted. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study, and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. The Discussion section should provide the authors' interpretation of the significance of the results obtained. Crucial information in the research should be emphasized and interpreted in the context of previously published work.


The Conclusions may constitute the final paragraph of the Discussion section, or a separate one. Link the Conclusions with the goals of the study, but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. Conclusions should concisely and clearly explain the significance and novelty of the results obtained in the presented work. References are not to be cited here.


If the authors wish to express their thanks for some service, information, financial support, donations or any other assistance, this should be inserted at the very end of the text, preceding the References.


References in the text and in the References section should be given according to the style used in recent issues of Veterinarski arhiv. Readers should be provided with direct references to original research sources. Quote only those references cited in the text.

The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of the authors' names, and the dates are exactly the same in the text as in the References list. It is recommended to include references to papers from peer reviewed periodicals. Citations from non-available sources (proceedings, reports) should be avoided. In the text, refer to the author's name and year of publication. If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al., 2011". In the list, the names of all the authors should be written. The list of References should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names. Publications by a single author should be arranged according to publication dates. Publications by the same author(s) for the same year should be arranged as 2011a, 2011b, etc. Abbreviate the titles of the periodicals listed in the References section according to the International List of Periodical Title Words Abbreviations (for help see Web of Science Journal Title Abbreviations). In the case of publications in any language other than English, the full title should be given in English with the language of publication in parenthesis, e. g. (in Croatian). Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source. Doi numbers must be provided for all references that contain one, written in a separate line at the end of the corresponding reference. If in doubt, doi numbers may be checked on

Use the following system for arranging the references:

For periodicals with doi (1 and 3) or without doi (2):

  1. GYURANECZ, M., B. D. RANNALS, C. A. ALLEN, S. JANOSI, P. S. KEIM, J. T. FORSTER (2013): Within-host evolution of Brucella canis during a canine brucellosis outbreak in a kennel. BMC Vet. Res. 9, 76-81.
  2. SERPE, L., P. GALLO, N. FIDANZA, A. SCARAMUZZO, D. FENIZIA (1999): Single-step method for rapid detection of Brucella spp. in soft cheese by gene-specific polymerase chain reaction. J. Dairy Res. 66, 313-317.
  3. VALDEZATE, S., A. NAVARRO, P. VILLALON, G. CARRASCO, J. A. SAEZ-NIETO (2010): Epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis of Spanish human Brucella melitensis strains by multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat typing, hypervariable octameric oligonucleotide fingerprinting, and rpoB typing. J. Clin. Microbiol. 48, 2734-2740.
For congresses and symposia

FRASER, D. (2010): Animal welfare and the veterinary profession: 50 years of change. Proceedings of the 21st International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, 18-21 July, Vancouver, Canada, pp. 7-10.

For books

RADOSTITS, O. M., C. C. GAY, K. W. HINCHCLIFF, P. D. CONSTABLE (2007): Veterinary Medicine. A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and goats. Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease). 10th ed., Saunders Elsevier, Edinburgh, London, New york, Oxford, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Sydney, Toronto, pp. 1017-1044.

For chapters in the book

COLITZ, C. M. H., V. KUONEN (2007): Ocular infections. In: Equine Infectious Diseases. (Sellon, D. C., M.T. Long, Eds.), Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, pp. 106-115.

For theses

BRINKHOF, J. (2009): Detection and control of lentiviral infections in sheep and goats. PhD Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Croatian translation of the Title, Abstract and Key words

On a separate page at the end of the manuscript, where applicable, provide the Croatian translation of the Title, Abstract and Key words. Translations into the Croatian language for foreign contributors may be provided by the Editorial Office.